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Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol:Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells therapy for acute kidney injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion in a rat model.

2017-08-02 12:59  来源:未知  编辑:高国雷   点击:

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents a group of complicated syndromes with a high mortality rate. The administration of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) has been tested as a possible treatment method for AKI. The long-term evaluation of AKI induced by ischemia/reperfusion (IR) and the probable renal protection of ADMSCs are limited. In this study we have established a rat AKI model induced by IR and investigated the possible protective effects of ADMSCs. Adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups (n=6/each group). The MOCK group was as the normal control. Rats in the IR-AKI and IR-AKI+ADMSCs groups were subjected to IR injury by clamping both renal pedicles for 40 min. Rats in the MOCK and IR-AKI groups were injected with PBS via the tail vein as negative treatment controls. Rats in the IR-AKI+ADMSCs group received ADMSCs therapy (2×106 cells were injected into the rats via the tail vein). We found that ADMSC transplantation restored the pathologic morphology induced by IR-AKI to normal compared with the MOCK group, suggesting the reparative function of ADMSCs in kidney tissues. Compared with IR-induced AKI alone, ADMSC treatment significantly decreased the number of apoptotic cells, the level of total urinary protein and serum creatinine, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and TGF-β), and the inflammation-associated proteins (HGF and SDF1), but increased the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10, and the anti-apoptotic regulator, Bcl-2. Our data have indicated that ADMSC transplantation may protect against IR-induced AKI by anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

acute kidney injury; apoptosis; inflammation,mesenchymal stem cells; ischemia/reperfusion


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